19 June 2012, 12:32
Egypt has every chance to remain secular state - Margelov
Moscow, June 19, Interfax - The Russian president's special representative for cooperation with African countries, Mikhail Margelov, believes that Egypt will remain a secular state despite the results of its presidential election.
The results will be announced after the Supreme Commission hears all the complaints about procedural violations committed during the polls, he told Interfax.
"The way it has been formulated means that they [the election results] may not be announced for a quite long time. Given the complicated political situation in the country, it will be fairly difficult to name the next president," he said.
Although the Muslim Brotherhood has hurried to proclaim Mohammed Moursi as the winner, this appears to be a strategic move, Margelov said, commenting on the results of Egypt's presidential election.
Even according to the Muslim Brotherhood's statement, Moursi won a bit more than 50% of the vote, which means that the Egyptian society is split, he said. "Almost half of the voters supported retired general Ahmed Shafiq who represents the former Mubarak elite. Clearly, the moderate Islamists aren't holding an overwhelming majority in Egypt, so the country may continue to follow the secular path".
"The powers of the new president have not yet been defined. The ruling military council has promised to pass a constitutional declaration that will give the president vast authority since Egypt has no parliament yet. The military will continue to perform legislative work for the time being. But the political orientation of the president is of great importance since he will appoint cabinet ministers and top military commanders, perform external policy and announce elections to the National Assembly," Margelov said.
Egypt faces the dilemma of choosing between a moderate Islamist and a former ally of Hosni Mubarak, he added.
The Democratic Party of Egypt described this situation as Muslim Brotherhood's imminent dictatorship and the return to state tyranny, and moved to create its own alliance opposing both options, Margelov said.
It remains to be seen whether it will manage to win over the "romantic-minded" Egyptians who started the "Arab spring", he added.