Joseph Ratzinger, as he was known before becoming a pope in April 2005, has been the most aged cardinal to occupy the Roman See after Pope Clement XII who also was 78 when elected. He also is the first German pontiff since Pope Victor II (1055-1057).
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Ratzinger was born in Germany on April 16, 1927. He became a priest on June 29, 1951. Between 1946 and 1951 he read theology and philosophy in the University of Munich and Freising College and received his PhD in 1953. Later he was a professor of dogmatic theology and Christian fundamentals in Freising, Bonn, and Munster.
In 1969 he returned to Bavarian University of Regensburg to become a professor and a vice-president there. When Ratzinger participated in the Vatican II (1962-1965) he had already been known as a progressive thought moderate theologian whose lectures never lacked audience.
In March 1977 Pope Paul VI appointer Ratzinger Archbishop of Munich and Freising, his episcopal consecration to follow on May 28, 1977.
In June 1977 Joseph Ratzinger became a cardinal, and in November 1981 he was made Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, President of the Biblical Commission, and the head of International Theological Commission which produced a new Catechism of the Catholic Church.
Ratzinger was elected vice-dean of the College of Cardinals in November 1998 to become the dean in November 2002. Currently he is listed with the most conservative Catholic theologians. The pope has authored many books including Introduction to Christianity that has become a world’s bestseller. Canada Goose sale