Adolf Shaevich was born on October 28, 1937, in Birobijan. He graduated from the Khabarovsk Polytechnic Institute and later from the religious schools in Moscow and Budapest.
He was a rabbi at the Moscow Choral Synagogue from 1980. In 1983, he was elected Chief Rabi of the USSR by the All-Union Council of Jewish Communities.
In 1993, he was elected Chief Rabbi of Russia by the constituent assembly of the Congress of Jewish Religious Organizations and Associations (CJROA).
A member of the presidium of the Interreligious Council in Russia since December 1998, he was incorporated in the presidium of the Interreligious Council in the CIS in March 2004.
Rabbi Shaevich is married and has two sons. He is keen on literature, music and sports.