2007-11-07 17:29:00

The Moscow Patriarchate urges Russian society to objectively reconsider the October 1917 events

Moscow, November 7, Interfax - The Russian Orthodox Church urges Russian society to objectively reconsider the Bolshevik rule and declares that any attempt to change the nation's natural historic development is wrong.

'Our society is yet to pronounce a verdict on the October 1917 events. I personally believe that law was violated and popular will was disrespected,' the deputy chair of the Moscow Patriarchate Department for External Church Relations Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin told Interfax on Wednesday.

According to him, those 'who came to power through a coup d'etat' in October 1917 'had no majority support so that they managed to establish their rule exclusively by brutal force.'

'From the very beginning Bolshevik leaders used repressions not only against their political opponents but also against millions of common people, in particular those who tried to defend what they regarded as sacred things,' he added.

However, he said, the objective vision on the October 1917 events 'should not prevent us from seeing and respecting all positive things that occurred during the Soviet period.'

'To some extend, Russia had overcome Bolshevism already under the Soviet regime abandoning many Bolshevik beliefs such as making the country serve so-called global revolution or break radically with all its non-Communist history,' he said.

Yet many achievements took place 'not due to but rather notwithstanding the Bolshevik ideology and the rule of terror started in October 1917,' he noted.

'We should not forget that the October 1917 has finally destroyed both its children and its fathers. Theirs is God's supreme justice in history, and I strongly believe that Russia's historical destiny remains the same as it was sealed at the moment when our country received Christian faith. Any attempt to change this destiny or to break our people's will making them accept alien ideas or societal models are doomed to fail in Russia,' he said.

Commenting Russian Communist leader Gennady Zyuganov, who in connection with the 90th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution said that all Russia's achievements originated in it, Chaplin said that he respected social justice ideals, which, he believed, 'should be more demanded in today's Russian society.'

'I know that many Communist Party members claim to be Orthodox Christians, and I believe that it is due to such people that today's party increasingly departs from the Bolshevik spirit and legacy of individuals like Lenin or Trotsky,' he said.

He doubted the claim that achievements of the Soviet period, such as victory in WW2, industrialization, health and education system, 'would be possible if the first Bolsheviks ruled for another 30 or 40 years.'